ARTICLE II: POWERS

Section 1. GENERAL POWERS

Except as otherwise provided in the Articles of Incorporation or these By Laws, the powers of PICA shall be exercised by, and its property controlled and its business affairs conducted by or under the direction of, the Board of Directors. With respect to any matters that would fall within the provisions of Article III, Section 6, the Board may act only by a majority vote of all members on the Board. In all other matters, except as otherwise provided in these By Laws or by the law, the Board may act by majority vote of those present at annual, regular, or special meeting of the Board. Any references in these By Laws to a vote of the Board shall mean the vote of only those members present at the meeting where a quorum is present unless otherwise specifically provided in these By Laws by reference to "all of the members of the Board."  

Section 2. RESTRICTIONS

PICA shall not act as contractor in competition with entities affected by the policies of PICA. Nothing in this Section is intended to prevent PICA from taking whatever steps are necessary to protect the operational stability and the integrity of the association in the event of financial failure of a Member or Consumer or other emergency.

Section 3. NON-DISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT

PICA shall not apply its standards, policies, procedures, or practice inequitably or single out any particular party for disparate treatment unless justified by substantial and reasonable cause, such as the promotion of effective competition.